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El karst Glaciar

Glacial karst (Cryokarst) – un conjunto de fenómenos y procesos que se desarrollan en la superficie y dentro de un glaciar como resultado del derretimiento del hielo y la acción del agua que fluye, similar a los fenómenos kársticos que se desarrollan en las rocas carbonatadas.

Las formaciones geológicas que se originan en estos dos ambientes muestran una asombrosa similitud. Los procesos kársticos glaciares dan lugar a sistemas de drenaje de un glaciar que se derrite.

El sistema de drenaje interno se compone de:

  • molinos de moulins/glaciares,
  • pozos,
  • cascadas
  • emisoras
  • pasillos
  • compartimentos
  • fuentes kársticas

Foto de la derecha: Sistemas de drenaje interno de glaciares, In: Karst and Cryokarst, Tyc.A, Stefaniak K.(eds) 2007. Estudios de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Tierra Universidad de Silecia No 45: 49-64.

Kolondra L., Pulina M.1998 Charting of surface relief forms of polar glacier on the example of Hans Glacier) Hornsund Fiord, Spitsbergen, appendix: Cryo-karst forms on the Hans Glacier, Wyprawy Geograficzne na Spitsbergen (Geographic expeditions to Spitsbergen) UMCS Lublin: 59-7.

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