Diapause comes from the Greek word diapausis, meaning “pause,” and was first described by the entomologist William Wheeler in 1893. These are life cycle delays induced by changes in abiotic cues ike changes in daylight, temperature, or food availability.

Marked with a state of dormancy the ecological and evolutionary significance of diapause rests in that this strategy allows harsh environmental conditions to be overcome, preventing population extinction.

It is typical of many insects and mites, a few crustaceans and snails.

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