A satellite is a name of any object, which orbits arounds a planet. Satellites can be divided into natural – the ones, which were formed naturally – and artificial – satellites created by humans. The word satellite is mainly used to refer to the artificial ones.

The first satellite was Sputnik, sent into space by Soviet Union in 1957. Nowadays there are thousands of satellites on many orbits. They are used for telecommunication, positioning (GPS), scientific experiments and imaging of the Earth surface.

The image to the right comes from the SEOS project. It shows us how many satellites are orbiting the Earth nowadays.

Polarpedia terms are created by EDU-ARCTIC Consortium, which holds responsibility for quality of translations in following languages: Polish, French, Danish, Norwegian, German, Russian, Italian, unless indicated otherwise. If you see an error - please contact us:
European Union flag This project (EDU-ARCTIC) has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 710240. The content of the website is the sole responsibility of the Consortium and it does not represent the opinion of the European Commission, and the Commission is not responsible for any use that might be made of information contained.
Designed & hosted by American Systems Sp. z o.o.