Intergovernmental forum promoting cooperation, coordination and interaction among the Arctic States on common Arctic issues, in particular issues of sustainable development and environmental protection in the Arctic, with the involvement of the Arctic Indigenous communities and other Arctic inhabitants
It was formally established in 1996, by signing Ottawa Declaration. Only states with territory in the Arctic can be members of Arctic Council (Member States are: Canada, Denmark (including Greenland and the Faroe Islands), Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russian Federation, Sweden, and the United States of America). Observer status in the Arctic Council is open to non-Arctic states.
All projects or initiatives are sponsored by one or more Arctic States or other entities.