Cod is a benthic fish with a distinct white lateral line on its side. The back tends to be greenish to sandy brown, and the Atlantic cod can change colour at certain water depths. Its average weight is 5–12 kg.

The two most common species of cod are the Atlantic cod, which lives throughout the North Atlantic, and the Pacific cod, found in both eastern and western regions of the North Pacific.

Cod is a popular food with a mild flavour and a dense, flaky white flesh. Cod livers are processed to make cod liver oil, an important source of vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E and omega-3 fatty acids.

Hans-Petter field

European Union flag This project (EDU-ARCTIC) has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 710240. The content of the website is the sole responsibility of the Consortium and it does not represent the opinion of the European Commission, and the Commission is not responsible for any use that might be made of information contained.