The saithe is a large codfish, usually between 70 and 110 cm long in catches. It can be described as bentho-pelagic fish, i.e., it occurs both close to the bottom and in the water column.
The saithe is native to European waters from Murmansk in the north to the English Channel in the south. It is also found around the Faroe Islands, in Greenlandic waters and from Labrador to Cape Cod in North America. The saithe has for a long time been one of the most important commercial fish species in Icelandic waters. Catches have been from 30,000 to 130,000 tonnes annually since 1950.
Saithe is sold all over the world, the largest market being in Germany, where there is a long tradition to eat saithe.